As the word indicates, biomass means – biological mass. Biomass stands for “all non-fossil organic materials that contain inherent chemical energy.” After the Sun, biomass is one of the oldest sources of energy used by Man. It is considered a green source of energy since its emissions are neutral.
In practice, biomass has its origin in photosynthesis, through which primary producers fix the CO2 from the atmosphere, using the energy of solar radiation and transforming it (CO2) into the substance that makes up the plants. Plants are a direct product of photosynthesis; the Sun provides, in the form of radiation, the energy that plants need to process water, carbon dioxide and minerals (nutrients) into oxygen and sugars, Only the carbon dioxide used in the growth process is released by combustion and an equivalent quantity of CO2 will be absorbed by other vegetation, thus making biomass CO2-neutral.
Additionally, cleaning forests will drastically reduce fire risk, since neglect can only contribute to causing and spreading forest fires. As far as the National capacity to produce biomass is concerned, it is important to note that forests cover over one third of the national territory, constituting a huge energy resource that must be utilised and protected. The use of this huge resource will make it possible to reduce energy dependence, bringing about huge benefits for the national economy.
If there are fires, the cause is the existence of fuel and that fuel is the biomass.